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Wednesday, March 9, 2011

salaf on fighting apostate rulers

Imām An-Nawawī said, “Al-Qādhī ‘Iyādh said, ‘The scholars have formed a consensus that
the leadership (Imāmah) is not to be contracted to a disbeliever (Kāfir) and that if disbelief
(Kufr) comes from him, then he is to be removed… So if disbelief (Kufr) and changing the
legislation (Shara’ ) or innovation (Bid’ah) comes from him, then he has left the status of
authority and his (right) of obedience falls and it becomes obligatory upon the Muslims to
rise up against him and remove him and set up a just Imām, if that is possible for them. Then
if that is not possible, except for a group (Tā’ifah), 707 then it is obligatory upon them (i.e. a
group) to rise up and remove the disbeliever (Kāfir). And that is not obligatory concerning
the innovator, unless they assume that they are able (to do so). Then if the inability is
confirmed, then the uprising is not obligatory, but the Muslims must make Hijrah away from
his land to other than it, and flee with his religion.” 708


Al-Hāfith Ibn Hajar Al-‘Asqalānī رحمه الله said, “Ad-Dāwūdī said that, “The scholars are
(united) regarding that the oppressive [Muslim] rulers, if it is possible to remove them
without fitnah (war), then it is obligatory (Wājib); but if it involves fitnah (war), then it is
obligatory to be patient. And some scholars view that it is not permissible to put a fāsiq
(oppressor) into rulership if he is as such from the beginning; but if he was put into position
while he was righteous, and then later committed oppression- then the scholars have differed
regarding revolting against such a (fāsiq) ruler, but the correct opinion is that it is forbidden.
But as for the ruler committing kufr, then it is obligatory (Wājib).”

Ibn Hajar رحمه الله also narrates from the Salaf, “The Fuqahā’ (scholars) are united in Ijmā’
regarding the obligation of obeying a sinful (Muslim Muwahhid) ruler, and that Jihād with him
(against the kuffār) is valid, and that obeying him is better than revolting against him, and spilling the blood of many… And the scholars have not exempted any from this obligation
(of obeying the rulers) except if the ruler perpetrates clear kufr- in such a case, it is not
permissible to obey the ruler in that matter (of kufr)- on the contrary, it is obligatory (Wājib)
to wage Jihād against him, for whosoever is capable of doing so.” 710


And Shaykh Al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله said regarding the rulers who do not take Jizyah
(tax) from the Jews and Christians, and forbid Jihād against the kuffār, “So any group that
refuses to do these, even if they accept (the obligation of) these, they are to be fought. And I
have no knowledge of any difference of opinion regarding this.” 711



So it is obviously clear from these scholars that they differentiated between revolting against
a fāsiq oppressive ruler and a Mubtadi’ - and some scholars stipulated that with the “ability to
remove him without fitnah”. As Al-Qādhī ‘Iyādh رحمه الله said, “And that is not obligatory
concerning the innovator, unless they assume that they are able (to do so),” and Ad-Dāwūdī
رحمه الله said, “The scholars are (united) regarding that the oppressive [Muslim] rulers, if it is
possible to remove them without fitnah (war), then it is obligatory (Wājib)”.
But as for the ruler who commits kufr, they not only made it permissible, they were united
upon the obligation of removing him, even if it involves bloodshed. 712
As Ibn Hajar said, “But as for the ruler committing kufr, then it is obligatory (Wājib),” and
“Except if the ruler perpetrates clear kufr- in such a case, it is not permissible to obey the
ruler in that matter (of kufr)- on the contrary, it is obligatory (Wājib) to wage Jihād against
him, for whosoever is capable of doing so.”
And Al-Qādhī ‘Iyādh said, “Then if that is not possible, except for a group (Tā’ifah) then it is
obligatory upon them (i.e. a group) to rise up and remove the disbeliever (Kāfir)…”
So can it fairly be said that those who wage Jihād against the kāfir Tāghūt - that such people
are “Khawārij”? Even though the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم described the real Khawārij as:
“They will kill the Followers of Islām, and let go of the Followers of the Idols.” 713
So who are the ones that kill, slaughter, imprison, spy against, torture, wage war against,
capture and hand over the Warriors of Tawhīd into the hands of the Zionists and Crusaders?
Who are the ones who help the Crusaders massacre millions of defenseless Muslims around
the entire globe; and continue to provide a refuge for the Crusaders upon the Peninsula of Muhammad 714 ?صلى الله عليه وسلم Who are the ones that are not merely “letting go” of the
mushrikīn, but rather they are taking each and every measure to ensure the safety of the
Zionists and Crusaders upon the Peninsula of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم ? Who are the
people killing the Muslims in order to please the kuffār in the White Palace? Who are the
people that are waging a war side-by-side with the Crusaders against the Mujāhidīn? Who are
the ones who would kill anyone in order to satisfy the thirst of the Zionists and Crusaders
715- and yet they dare claim to be Muslims? Who are the ones that take Jizyah from the
Muslims, and give donations to the Zionists and Crusaders? Who are the ones that feel safe
next to a Crusader, 716 but threatened next to a Mujāhid? 717 And maybe it will become clear to
you who the real Khawārij are…

1 comment:

SoldierOfAllah said...

“Sahīh Muslim Bi Sharh An-Nawawī” (12/229)
“Fat’h Al-Bārī” (13/10).
Fat’h Al-Bārī” (13/9)
“Majmū’ Al-Fatāwā” (28/503-504).